A new role of supercritical ethanol in macroalgae liquefaction (Saccharina japonica): Understanding ethanol participation, yield, and energy efficiency

Title
A new role of supercritical ethanol in macroalgae liquefaction (Saccharina japonica): Understanding ethanol participation, yield, and energy efficiency
Authors
김연제최재연Hassan ZebJaehoon Kim
Issue Date
2017-01
Publisher
Energy
Citation
VOL 118-126
Abstract
Liquefaction of macroalgae was performed in a stirred autoclave reactor using supercritical ethanol (scEtOH) as a solvent. There was a sharp transition in ethanol consumption during macroalgae liquefaction in scEtOH when the temperature was increased from 350 to 400 °C. At 350 °C, a small amount of ethanol (6 wt%) reacted with intermediates, while at 400 °C, 18 wt% of the ethanol was consumed. Taking into account this increased consumption of ethanol at 400 °C, the bio-oil yield decreased from 79.2 to 53.9 wt%, energy recovery from 202.5% to 72.2%, and energy efficiency from 111.6% to 62.7%. The produced bio-oil had a molecular weight of 398 g mol− 1, a HHV of 36.49 MJ kg− 1, an O/C ratio of 0.12, and a H/C ratio of 1.58. To confirm the unique role of scEtOH in biomass liquefaction, subcritical water (subH2O) and supercritical water (scH2O)-based liquefactions were carried out and the results compared with those obtained for scEtOH-based liquefaction. GC-MS results from the bio-oil produced with scH2O revealed the percentage area of compounds containing an ethoxy group to be as low as 20%, while this value reached 62% when using scEtOH.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/69797
ISSN
0360-5442
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE