A Novel Eutectic Mixture of Biphenyl and Diphenylmethane as a Potential Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier: Catalytic Hydrogenation
- A Novel Eutectic Mixture of Biphenyl and Diphenylmethane as a Potential Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier: Catalytic Hydrogenation
- 남석우; 한종희; 윤창원; 조영석; 장문정; Da Jung Han; Byeong Soo Shin; Jeong Won Kang
- Issue Date
- Energy technology
- VOL 7, NO 1-121
- A novel, liquid-phase hydrogen storage material was produced by mixing biphenyl (C12H10, solid) and diphenylmethane (C13H12, liquid) with a mass ratio (wt%) of 35:65. The eutectic mixture was proved to be liquid at ambient temperature with a viscosity of 3.0 cP at 25 °C and a vapor
pressure of 1.4 Pa at 25 °C, which potentially meets the requirements for an efficient hydrogen storage system. A theoretical study using COSMO-RS method further confirms that an optimum composition of biphenyl and diphenylmethane for the formation of eutectic mixture is 37:63 by
mass, which is very close to the composition found experimentally. The eutectic mixture exhibited a superior activity for hydrogenation reactions conducted at 120 °C under 50 bar of H2 pressure in the presence of a Ru (5 wt%)/Al2O3 catalyst. Hydrogen uptake of the eutectic mixture tested was close to full conversion, which corresponds to 6.9 wt% and 60.1 gL 1 of gravimetric and volumetric hydrogen storage capacities, respectively
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