Electrochemically Induced Metallization of NaCl: Use of the Main Component of Salt as a Cost-Effective Electrode Material for Sodium- Ion Batteries

Title
Electrochemically Induced Metallization of NaCl: Use of the Main Component of Salt as a Cost-Effective Electrode Material for Sodium- Ion Batteries
Authors
정경윤정훈기임희대박재호이크라
Keywords
NaCl; Sodium- Ion Batteries; Metallization; Salt
Issue Date
2019-09
Publisher
ACS energy letters
Citation
VOL 4, NO 9-2068
Abstract
Sodium chloride (NaCl), a typical stoichiometric ionic compound, breaks all of the basic rules of chemistry at high pressures and can form new metallic compounds with different stoichiometries of NaxCl at x > 1. However, the electrochemical phase transition of NaCl from an insulating state to a metallic state without pressurization has not been achieved to date. In this study, we first demonstrate that nonmetallic NaCl can be transformed to a metallic compound through an electrochemical activation process. Subsequently, the activated NaCl electrode was shown to intercalate/deintercalate sodium ions into the structure, with a discharge capacity of 267 mAh/g by reversibly accommodating 0.6 Na ions. We believe that this method may represent a new approach for designing inexpensive electrode materials using the main component of table and sea salt for sodium-ion batteries. In addition, these results will contribute to the development of low-cost and sustainable rechargeable batteries that can be operated at a room temperature.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/69934
ISSN
2380-8195
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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