Atomic layout of an orthodontic titanium mini-implant in human tissue:Insights into the possible mechanisms during osseointegration
- Atomic layout of an orthodontic titanium mini-implant in human tissue:Insights into the possible mechanisms during osseointegration
- 안재평; 김양희; 김준식; 서경원; Homayoun Zadehd; 김성훈
- Osseointegration; Titanium implant; Cryofixation; Atom probe tomography; Implantbone; SLA
- Issue Date
- The Angle orthodontist
- VOL 89, NO 2-298
- Objectives: To evaluate nanoscale molecular interactions in the interface between human bone and orthodontic titanium implants.
Materials and Methods: An orthodontic implant (sandblasted with large grit and with an acidetched surface treated with Ti6A14V alloy) retrieved from the mandible of human after 2 months of healing was used to analyze the molecular interactive mechanism between the implant and the surrounding bone tissue. To preserve the natural state of the sample as much as possible, cryofixation and scanning electron microscope/focused ion beam milling without any chemica treatment were used during sample preparation. Atom probe tomography was used to investigate the chemical composition and structure at the interface between the implant and human bone tissue.
Results: Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the whole sample revealed a 20350-nm2 platelike bony element diffusion layer in the sample. The iso concentration analysis of the diffusion layer indicated that the bony element, calcium, and the implant element, titanium oxide, were interspersed with each other. Detailed ionic distribution was illustrated by 3D reconstruction with partial region of interest and one-dimensional concentration profiles of the implant-bone interface.
Conclusions: The study results advance nanoscale understanding of osseointegration and
suggest a potential nanostructure for increasing bond strength of biomaterials to bone.
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