General solutions of the heat equation
- General solutions of the heat equation
- 김찬수; ByoungSeon Choi; Hyuk Kang; M.Y. Choi
- Heat equation; Diffusion equation; Boundary-value problem; Hermite polynomials
- Issue Date
- Physica A, Statistical mechanics and its applications
- VOL 539, 122914
- We derive a general solution of the heat equation through the use of the similarity reduction method. The obtained solution is expressed as linearly combined kernel solutions in terms of the Hermite polynomials, which appears to provide an explanation of non-Gaussian behavior observed in various cases. As examples, we consider a few typical boundary conditions and construct corresponding solutions, demonstrating the versatile applicability of our scheme. It is thus revealed that the heat equation carries many solutions under given boundary conditions. The entropy borne by a non-Gaussian solution is also computed and shown to approach in the long-time limit the maximum one corresponding to the fundamental (Gaussian) solution.
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