Highly Reduced Saturation Magnetization in Epitaxially Grown Ferrimagnetic Heusler Thin Films
- Highly Reduced Saturation Magnetization in Epitaxially Grown Ferrimagnetic Heusler Thin Films
- 이영행; Chungman Kim; Woosuk Yoo; Hyun-Woo Bang; Sunghun Lee; Yun Chang Park; Joonyoung Choi; Younjung Jo; Kyujoon Lee; Myung-Hwa Jung
- Issue Date
- ACS omega
- VOL 4, NO 15-16584
- The key of spintronic devices using the spin-transfer torque phenomenon is the effective reduction of switching current density by lowering the damping constant and the saturation magnetization while retaining strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. To reduce the saturation magnetization, particular conditions such as specific substitutions or buffer layers are required. Herein, we demonstrate highly reduced saturation magnetization in tetragonal D022 Mn3– xGa thin films prepared by rf magnetron sputtering, where the epitaxial growth is examined on various substrates without any buffer layer. As the lattice mismatch between the sample and the substrate decreases from LaAlO3 and (LaAlO3)0.3(Sr2AlTaO6)0.7 to SrTiO3, the quality of Mn3– xGa films is improved together with the magnetic and electronic properties. Especially, the Mn3– xGa thin film epitaxially grown on the SrTiO3 substrate, fully oriented along the c axis perpendicular to the film plane, exhibits significantly reduced saturation magnetization as low as 0.06 μB, compared to previous results. By the structural and chemical analyses, we find that the predominant removal of Mn II atoms and the large population of Mn3+ ions affect the reduced saturation magnetization. Our findings provide insights into the magnetic properties of Mn3– xGa crystals, which promise great potential for spin-related device applications.
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