Versatile 3D porous recycled carbon garments with fully-loaded active materials in the current collector for advanced lithium-ion batteries

Title
Versatile 3D porous recycled carbon garments with fully-loaded active materials in the current collector for advanced lithium-ion batteries
Authors
손동익심재호이규승이칠형Hyunjin ChoYeonho KimYong Ju YunJin Won SeoWon G. HongHae Jin KimHak Yong Kim
Keywords
Wearable device; Flexible electrode; Carbon staple fabric; Lithium-ion batteries; Oxi-PAN
Issue Date
2019-12
Publisher
Composites. Part B, Engineering
Citation
VOL 179-107519-12
Abstract
We have developed a new and versatile three-dimensional (3D) porous and the conductive carbon spun fabric (CSF) structure and applied it to the current collector for advanced lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The 3D porous CSF are manufactured from recycled oxidized polyacrylonitrile (Oxi-PAN) staple fibers via the spinning, the knitting, stabilization, and carbonization process in order. Furthermore, we have demonstrated the conductive T-shirts and gloves and investigated the structural, electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties of the CSF through various analytical methods including Joule heating simulation as well as the deformation simulation. The CSF with its 3D porous structure is applied as a current collector for advanced lithium batteries in order to replace the conventionally used metal-based current collector. During battery performances, the porous 3D network structure of the CSF provides effective diffusion pathway for lithium ions during the charge/discharge processes. Consequently, the CSF shows not only the improved cycling stability than that of the conventional aluminum current collector but also demonstrating high-rate performances at high percentage loading of active materials in the current collector. The pouch-type LIBs with the CSF/LiFePO4 composites electrode exhibits excellent mechanical stability and flexibility with showing a discharge capacity of 148.7  mA  h  g− 1 at 2  C over 250 cycles over the 1200 times bending with a radius of 12  mm.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/70131
ISSN
1359-8368
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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