Remediation of metal-contaminated marine sediments using active capping with limestone, steel slag, and activated carbon: a laboratory experiment
- Remediation of metal-contaminated marine sediments using active capping with limestone, steel slag, and activated carbon: a laboratory experiment
- 최재우; Seong-Jik Park; Ku Kang; Chang-Gu Lee
- Activated carbon; active capping; limestone; steel slag; trace metals
- Issue Date
- Environmental technology
- VOL 40, NO 26-3491
- The objectives of this study are to assess the effectiveness of limestone (LS), steel slag (SS), and activated carbon (AC) as capping materials to sequester trace metals including As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in heavily contaminated marine sediments and to minimize the release of these metals into the water column. A flat flow tank was filled with 10  mm of capping material, contaminated sediments, and seawater, and the metal concentrations were monitored over 32  d. After completion of the flow tank experiments, the sediments below the capping material were sampled and were sequentially extracted. SS effectively reduced the As, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and particularly Cd elution from the contaminated sediments to the overlying seawater. Adsorption and surface precipitation were the key mechanisms for interrupting the release of cationic trace metals by SS. LS was appropriate for interrupting the release of only Cu and Pb with high hydrolysis reaction constants. AC capping could interrupt the release of Cr, Cu, Ni, and particularly Zn from the sediments by binding with the metals via electrostatic interaction. The results obtained from the sequential extraction revealed that LS capping is appropriate for stabilizing Zn, whereas AC is appropriate for Cd and Pb. LS, SS, and AC can be applied effectively for remediation of sediments contaminated by trace metals because it interrupts their release and stabilizes the trace metals in the sediments.
- Appears in Collections:
- KIST Publication > Article
- Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
- RIS (EndNote)
- XLS (Excel)
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.