Optical consequences of a genetically-encoded voltage indicator with a pH sensitive fluorescent protein

Title
Optical consequences of a genetically-encoded voltage indicator with a pH sensitive fluorescent protein
Authors
브래들리 베이커이성무강복음
Issue Date
2019-09
Publisher
Neuroscience research
Citation
VOL 146-21
Abstract
Genetically-Encoded Voltage Indicators (GEVIs) are capable of converting changes in membrane potential into an optical signal. Here, we focus on recent insights into the mechanism of ArcLight-type probes and the consequences of utilizing a pH-dependent Fluorescent Protein (FP). A negative charge on the exterior of the β-can of the FP combined with a pH-sensitive FP enables voltage-dependent conformational changes to affect the fluorescence of the probe. This hypothesis implies that interaction/dimerization of the FP creates a microenvironment for the probe that is altered via conformational changes. This mechanism explains why a pH sensitive FP with a negative charge on the outside of the β-can is needed, but also suggests that pH could affect the optical signal as well. To better understand the effects of pH on the voltage-dependent signal of ArcLight, the intracellular pH (pHi) was tested at pH 6.8, 7.2, or 7.8. The resting fluorescence of ArcLight gets brighter as the pHi increases, yet only pH 7.8 significantly affected the ΔF/F. ArcLight could also simultaneously report voltage and pH changes during the acidification of a neuron firing multiple action potentials revealing different buffering capacities of the soma versus the processes of the cell.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/70396
ISSN
0168-0102
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KIST Publication > Article
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