Highly efficient optical quantum memory with long coherence time in cold atoms

Title
Highly efficient optical quantum memory with long coherence time in cold atoms
Authors
조영욱G.T. CampbellJ.L. EverettJ. BernuD.B. HigginbottomM.T. CaoJ. GengN.P. RobinsP.K. LamB.C. Buchler
Issue Date
2016-01
Publisher
Optica
Citation
VOL 3, NO 1-107
Abstract
Optical quantum memory is an essential element for long-distance quantum communication and photonic quantum computation protocols. The practical implementation of such protocols requires an efficient quantum memory with a long coherence time. Beating the no-cloning limit, for example, requires efficiencies above 50%. An ideal optical fiber loop has a loss of 50% in 100 mu s, and until now no universal quantum memory has beaten this time efficiency limit. Here, we report results of a gradient echo memory experiment in a cold atomic ensemble with a 1/e coherence time up to 1 ms and maximum efficiency up to 87% +/- 2% for short storage times. Our experimental data demonstrate greater than 50% efficiency for storage times up to 0.6 ms. Quantum storage ability is verified beyond the ideal fiber limit using heterodyne tomography of small coherent states.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/70536
ISSN
2334-2536
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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