Degradation of tumour stromal hyaluronan by small extracellular vesicle-PH20 stimulates CD103+ dendritic cells and in combination with PD-L1 blockade boosts anti-tumour immunity

Title
Degradation of tumour stromal hyaluronan by small extracellular vesicle-PH20 stimulates CD103+ dendritic cells and in combination with PD-L1 blockade boosts anti-tumour immunity
Authors
김인산양유수박윤남기훈홍연선김성아김기범김윤경
Issue Date
2019-09
Publisher
Journal of extracellular vesicles
Citation
VOL 8, NO 1-1670893-6
Abstract
Highly accumulated hyaluronan (HA) not only provides a physiological barrier but also supports an immune-suppressive tumour microenvironment. High-molecular-weight (HMW)-HA inhibits the activation of immune cells and their access into tumour tissues, whereas, low-molecular-weight oligo-HA is known to potentially activate dendritic cells (DCs). In this paper, we investigated whether small extracellular vesicle (EVs)-PH20 hyaluronidase induces tumour HA degradation, which, in turn, activates DCs to promote anti-cancer immune responses. Informed by our previous work, we used a small EV carrying GPI-anchored PH20 hyaluronidase (Exo-PH20) that could deeply penetrate into tumour foci via HA degradation. We found that Exo-PH20-treatment successfully activates the maturation and migration of DCs in vivo, particularly CD103+ DCs leading to the activation of tumour-specific CD8+ T cells, which work together to inhibit tumour growth. Moreover, combination with anti-PD-L1 antibody provided potent tumour-specific CD8+ T cell immune responses as well as elicited prominent tumour growth inhibition both in syngenic and spontaneous breast cancer models, and this anti-tumour immunity was durable. Together, these results present new insights for HA degradation by Exo-PH20, providing a better understanding of oligo HA-triggered immune responses to cancer.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/70698
ISSN
2001-3078
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE