Molecular Design of DonorAcceptorType Organic Photocatalysts for Metalfree Aromatic CC Bond Formations under Visible Light
- Molecular Design of DonorAcceptorType Organic Photocatalysts for Metalfree Aromatic CC Bond Formations under Visible Light
- 변지혜; Lei Wang; Run Li; Wei Huang; Kai A. I. Zhang
- Issue Date
- Advanced synthesis & catalysis
- VOL 360, NO 22-4318
- Metal-free and photocatalytic radical-mediated aromatic C-C bond formations offer a promising alternative pathway to the conventional transition metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions. However, the formation of aryl radicals from common precursors such as aryl halides is highly challenging due to their extremely high reductive potential. Here, we report a structural design strategy of donor-acceptor-type organic photocatalysts for visible light-driven C-C bond formations through the reductive dehalogenation of aryl halides. The reduction potential of the photocatalysts could be systematically aligned to be -2.04 V vs. SCE via a simple heteroatom engineering of the donor-acceptor moieties. The high reductive potential of the molecular photocatalyst could reduce various aryl halides into aryl radicals to form the C-C bond with heteroarenes. The designability of the molecular photocatalyst further allowed the synthesis of a high LUMO (lowest unoccupied molecular orbital) polymer photocatalyst by a self-initiated free radical polymerization without compromising its LUMO level.
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