Identification of Novel Resorcinol Amide Derivatives as Potent and Specific Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase (PDHK) Inhibitors

Title
Identification of Novel Resorcinol Amide Derivatives as Potent and Specific Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase (PDHK) Inhibitors
Authors
심태보윤호종조한나신인재조경선Eun Kyung YooMi-Jin KimSungmi ParkIn-Kyu LeeNam Doo Kim
Issue Date
2019-09
Publisher
Journal of medicinal chemistry
Citation
VOL 62-8479
Abstract
Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinases (PDHKs) promote abnormal respiration in cancer cells. Studies with novel resorcinol amide derivatives based on VER-246608 (6) led to the identification of 19n and 19t containing five-membered heteroaromatic rings as unique structural features. These substances possess single-digit nanomolar activities against PDHKs. 19t exhibits higher potencies against PDHK1/2/4 than does 6 and inhibits only PDHKs among 366 kinases. Moreover, 19g, 19l, and 19s were found to be isotype-selective PDHK inhibitors. Molecular dynamics simulations provide a better understanding of how the heteroaromatic rings affect the activities of 19n and 19t on PDHK1/2/3/4. Moreover, 19n possesses a much higher antiproliferative activity against cancer cells than does 6. We demonstrated that the results of PDH assays better correlate with cellular activities than do those of PDHK kinase assays. Furthermore, 19n induces apoptosis of cancer cells via mitochondrial dysfunction, suppresses tumorigenesis, and displays a synergistic effect on satraplatin suppression of cancer cell proliferation.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/70790
ISSN
0022-2623
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KIST Publication > Article
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