First-principles study of the complex magnetism in Fe16N2
- First-principles study of the complex magnetism in Fe16N2
- 이승철; Satadeep Bhattacharjee
- Fe16N2; Magnetic Interaction; Vanadium doping; Density Functional Theory; high spin magnetisum; spin injection
- Issue Date
- Scientific Reports
- VOL 9-8381-9
- Magnetic exchange interactions in pure and vanadium (V)-doped Fe16N2 are studied within the framework of density functional theory (DFt). the Curie temperatures were obtained via both mean field approximation (MFA) and Monte Carlo (MC) calculations based on interactions that were obtained through DFt. the Curie temperature (tC) for pure Fe16N2 that was obtained under MFA is substantially larger than the experimental value, suggesting the importance of thermal fluctuations. At zero field, the calculated magnetic susceptibility shows a sharp peak at t = tC that corresponds to the presence of localized d-states. From the nature of the exchange interactions, we have determined the reason for the occurrence of the giant magnetic moment in this material, which remained a mystery for decades. Finally, we posit that Fe16N2 can also act as a satisfactory spin injector for III– V semiconductors, in addition to its application as a permanent magnet, since it has very high spin polarization (compared to elemental ferromagnets) and smaller lattice mismatch (compared to half-metallic Heusler alloys) with conventional III– V semiconductors such as GaAs and InGaAs. We demonstrate this application in the case of Fe16N2(001)/InGaAs(001) hetero-structures, which exhibit substantial spin polarization in the semiconductor (InGaAs) region. PACS number: 82.65.My, 82.20.Pm, 82.30.Lp, 82.65.Jv.
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