Fabrication of 3D plotted scaffold with microporous strands for bone tissue engineering
- Fabrication of 3D plotted scaffold with microporous strands for bone tissue engineering
- 김상헌; 오승자; Ji Min Seok; Thanavel Rajangam; Jae Eun Jeong; Sinyoung Cheong; Sang Min Joo; Heungsoo Shin; Su A Park
- Issue Date
- Journal of materials chemistry. B, Materials for biology and medicine
- VOL 8, NO 5-960
- Scaffold porosity has played a key role in bone tissue engineering aimed at effective tissue regeneration, by promoting cell attachment, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation for new bone formation. Three-dimensional plotting systems (3DPSs) have been widely used to introduce porosity to the scaffold; however, introducing certain features in the scaffold strands that improve bone tissue regeneration remains a challenge. In this work, we fabricated bone tissue scaffolds with macro- and microporous structural features using a 3DPS and non-solvent-induced phase separation method. This approach allowed both macro- and micropores to be created in the scaffold strands. The surface morphology and mechanical and degradation properties of the perforated scaffolds were characterized carefully. Human marrow stromal cells were cultured on the scaffolds and then analyzed in vitro to assess scaffold bio-function. The highly porous scaffold exhibited mechanical properties similar to those of cancellous bone. Cell attachment, proliferation, and differentiation were significantly higher in porous scaffold compared to its nonporous counterpart. These results suggest that highly porous scaffolds have tremendous potential as a bone tissue regeneration platform.
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