Droplet transportation using a pre-charging method for digital microfluidics
- Droplet transportation using a pre-charging method for digital microfluidics
- 임매순; 최경용; 최지민; 최양규
- Issue Date
- Microfluidics and Nanofluidics
- VOL 12, NO 5-827
- A new droplet-driving scheme for digital microfluidics termed the ‘‘pre-charging of a droplet’’ is demonstrated. In this method, a droplet is initially charged by applying ‘‘pre-charging’’ voltage between the droplet and an electrode buried under dielectric layers. The droplet is then driven to the next electrode by applying ‘‘driving’’ voltage between two adjacent buried electrodes. The concept of pre-charging was proved by the polarity of the charge stored in the droplet. When the droplet is precharged with positive voltage, it is driven with negative voltage and vice versa. Therefore, the magnitudes of the pre-charging and driving voltages are identical, but only with the opposite polarity. A 2.5-lL deionized water droplet is pre-charged and driven at a minimal voltage of 12 V. The charge stored in the droplet by this pre-charging method
remained for more than 2 min, and the driving actuation could be repeated more than 150 times while the droplet remained its charged state. This method suggests a new means of driving a droplet for digital microfluidics at a relatively low voltage by utilizing both the electrostatic and dielectrophoretic force in the droplet transport process with a simpler structure compared to other single-plate structured devices.
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