Human adipose stem cell-derived extracellular nanovesicles for treatment of chronic liver fibrosis

Human adipose stem cell-derived extracellular nanovesicles for treatment of chronic liver fibrosis
판철호송대근최기영한화승이한상유동길Van Quy Nguyen오병훈신솔최지숙김재동조동규조용우박재형
Issue Date
Journal of controlled release
VOL 320-336
Liver fibrosis is an excessive wound healing process that occurs in response to liver damage depending on underlying aetiologies. Currently, there are no effective therapies and FDA-approved therapeutics for the treatment of liver fibrosis except liver transplantation. Multipotent adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have received significant attention as regenerative medicine for liver fibrosis owing to their advantages over stem cells with other origins. However, intrinsic limitations of stem cell therapies, such as cellular rejection and tumor formation, have impeded clinical applications of the ADSC-based liver therapeutics. To overcome these problems, the extracellular nanovesicles (ENVs) responsible for the therapeutic effect of ADSCs (A-ENVs) have shown considerable promise as cell-free therapeutics for liver diseases. However, A-ENVs have not been used for the treatment of intractable chronic liver diseases including liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the in vitro and in vivo antifibrotic efficacy of A-ENVs in thioacetamide-induced liver fibrosis models. A-ENVs significantly downregulated the expression of fibrogenic markers, such as matrix metalloproteinase-2, collagen-1, and alpha-smooth muscle actin. The systemic administration of A-ENVs led to high accumulation in fibrotic liver tissue and the restoration of liver functionality in liver fibrosis models through a marked reduction in α-SMA and collagen deposition. These results demonstrate the significant potential of A-ENVs for use as extracellular nanovesicles-based therapeutics in the treatment of liver fibrosis and possibly other intractable chronic liver diseases.
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