Human adipose stem cell-derived extracellular nanovesicles for treatment of chronic liver fibrosis
- Human adipose stem cell-derived extracellular nanovesicles for treatment of chronic liver fibrosis
- 판철호; 송대근; 최기영; 한화승; 이한상; 유동길; Van Quy Nguyen; 오병훈; 신솔; 최지숙; 김재동; 조동규; 조용우; 박재형
- Issue Date
- Journal of controlled release
- VOL 320-336
- Liver fibrosis is an excessive wound healing process that occurs in response to liver damage depending on underlying aetiologies. Currently, there are no effective therapies and FDA-approved therapeutics for the treatment of liver fibrosis except liver transplantation. Multipotent adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have received significant attention as regenerative medicine for liver fibrosis owing to their advantages over stem cells with other origins. However, intrinsic limitations of stem cell therapies, such as cellular rejection and tumor formation, have impeded clinical applications of the ADSC-based liver therapeutics. To overcome these problems, the extracellular nanovesicles (ENVs) responsible for the therapeutic effect of ADSCs (A-ENVs) have shown considerable promise as cell-free therapeutics for liver diseases. However, A-ENVs have not been used for the treatment of intractable chronic liver diseases including liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the in vitro and in vivo antifibrotic efficacy of A-ENVs in thioacetamide-induced liver fibrosis models. A-ENVs significantly downregulated the expression of fibrogenic markers, such as matrix metalloproteinase-2, collagen-1, and alpha-smooth muscle actin. The systemic administration of A-ENVs led to high accumulation in fibrotic liver tissue and the restoration of liver functionality in liver fibrosis models through a marked reduction in α-SMA and collagen deposition. These results demonstrate the significant potential of A-ENVs for use as extracellular nanovesicles-based therapeutics in the treatment of liver fibrosis and possibly other intractable chronic liver diseases.
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