Enhanced Osteogenic Commitment of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Polyethylene Glycol-Based Cryogel with Graphene Oxide Substrate
- Enhanced Osteogenic Commitment of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Polyethylene Glycol-Based Cryogel with Graphene Oxide Substrate
- 심지민; 김환; 김지용; Rachel H. Koh; 이종찬; 김태일; 황석연
- Issue Date
- ACS biomaterials science & engineering
- VOL 3, NO 10-2479
- Graphene oxide (GO) is considered a comparatively recent biomaterial with enormous potential because of its nontoxicity, high dispersity, and enhanced interaction with biomolecules. These characteristics of GO can promote the interactions between the substrates and cell surfaces. In this study, we incorporated GO in a cryogel-based scaffold system to observe their influence on the osteogenic responses of human tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hTMSCs). Compared to polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based cryogel scaffold, GO-embedded PEG-based (PEGDA-GO) cryogels not only showed improved cell attachment and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) signaling activation but also enhanced cell viability. Taken together, we demonstrated that PEGDA-GO cryogels can stimulate osteogenic differentiation under an osteoinductive condition and enhance osteogenic phenotypes compared to the control group. In summary, we demonstrate that GO embedded in cryogels system is an effective biofunctionalizing scaffold to control osteogenic commitment of stem cells.
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