Gel Polymer Electrolytes Containing Anion-Trapping Boron Moieties for Lithium-Ion Battery Applications

Title
Gel Polymer Electrolytes Containing Anion-Trapping Boron Moieties for Lithium-Ion Battery Applications
Authors
심지민이지수이진홍김희중이종찬
Issue Date
2016-10
Publisher
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Citation
VOL 8, NO 41-27752
Abstract
Gel polymer electrolytes (GPEs) based on semi-interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) structure for lithium-ion batteries were prepared by mixing boron-containing cross-linker (BC) composed of ethylene oxide (EO) chains, cross-linkable methacrylate group, and anion-trapping boron moiety with poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) followed by ultraviolet light-induced curing process. Various physical and electrochemical properties of the GPEs were systematically investigated by varying the EO chain length and boron content. Dimensional stability at high temperature without thermal shrinkage, if any, was observed due to the presence of thermally stable PVDF in the GPEs. GPE having 80 wt % of BC and 20 wt % of PVDF exhibited an ionic conductivity of 4.2 mS cm(-1) at 30 degrees C which is 1 order of magnitude larger than that of the liquid electrolyte system containing the commercial Celgard separator (0.4 mS cm(-1)) owing to the facile electrolyte uptake ability of EO chain and anion-trapping ability of the boron moiety. As a result, the lithium-ion battery cell prepared using the GPE with BC showed an excellent cycle performance at 1.0 C maintaining 87% of capacity during 100 cycles.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/71127
ISSN
1944-8244
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