Synthesis and properties of organic/inorganic hybrid branched-graft copolymers and their application to solid-state electrolytes for high-temperature lithium-ion batteries
- Synthesis and properties of organic/inorganic hybrid branched-graft copolymers and their application to solid-state electrolytes for high-temperature lithium-ion batteries
- 심지민; 김동균; 이진홍; 백지훈; 이종찬
- Issue Date
- Polymer Chemistry
- VOL 5, NO 10-3442
- A series of organic/inorganic hybrid branched (BCPs) and linear (LCPs)-graft copolymers comprising poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (PEGMA), 3-(3,5,7,9,11,13,15-heptaisobutyl-pentacyclo-[184.108.40.206(3,9).1(5,15).1(7,13)]octasiloxane-1-yl)propyl methacrylate (MA-POSS), and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) were synthesized via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization for application to solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) materials in high-temperature lithium-ion batteries. Dimensionally stable free-standing films were obtained when the MA-POSS contents in BCPs and LCPs are larger than 21 mol% and maintained their original shape and storage modulus even if the temperature increases up to 90 degrees C. The maximum ionic conductivity value of the BCP electrolyte containing 21 mol% of MA-POSS was 1.6 x 10(-4) S cm(-1) at 60 degrees C and that of the LCP electrolyte containing 21 mol% of MA-POSS was 5.6 x 10(-5) S cm(-1) at 60 degrees C, indicating that the branched-graft copolymer electrolyte has higher ionic conductivity than the linear-graft counterpart, due to the increased chain mobility, as estimated by a smaller T-g value. All-solid-state batteries prepared using the BCP electrolyte showed a reasonable cell performance at 60 degrees C without causing safety problems, demonstrating great potential of BCPs as SPE materials for high-temperature battery systems.
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