Shape-controlled nanocrystals for catalytic applications
- Shape-controlled nanocrystals for catalytic applications
- 양성은; 이현주; 김청희; 한정우; 김지연
- Issue Date
- Catalysis Surveys from Asia
- VOL 16, NO 1-27
- The activity, selectivity, and long-term stability of catalyst nanoparticles can be enhanced by shape modulation. Such shaped catalytic nanocrystals have well-defined surface crystalline structures on which the cleavage and recombination of chemical bonds can be rationally controlled. Metal and metal oxide nanocrystals have been synthesized in various shapes using wet chemistry techniques such as reducing metal precursors in the presence of the surface-capping agents. The surface-capping agents should be removed prior to the catalytic chemical reaction, which necessitates clean catalytically active surface. The removal process should be performed very carefully because this removal often causes shape deformation. A few examples in which the surface-capping agents contribute positively to the chemical reactions have been reported. The examples described in this review include shaped metal, metal composite, and metal oxide nanocrystals that show enhanced catalytic activity, selectivity, and long-term stability for various gas-phase, liquid-phase, or electrocatalytic reactions. Although most of the studies using these shaped nanocrystals for catalytic applications have focused on low-index surfaces, nanocrystals with high-index facets and their catalytic applications have recently been reported. By bridging surface studies with nanoparticle catalysts using shape modulation, catalysts with improved properties can be rationally designed.
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