Lubricant-infused directly engraved nano-microstructures for mechanically durable endoscope lens with anti-biofouling and anti-fogging properties
- Lubricant-infused directly engraved nano-microstructures for mechanically durable endoscope lens with anti-biofouling and anti-fogging properties
- 전호정; 박재호; 이연택; 정용우; 박기준; 서영민; 홍승노; 이승훈; 서정목
- Issue Date
- Scientific Reports
- VOL 10, 17454
- While a clear operating field during endoscopy is essential for accurate diagnosis and effective surgery, fogging or biofouling of the lens can cause loss of visibility during these procedures. Conventional cleaning methods such as the use of an irrigation unit, anti-fogging surfactant, or particle-based porous coatings infused with lubricants have been used but proven insufficient to prevent loss of visibility. Herein, a mechanically robust anti-fogging and anti-biofouling endoscope lens was developed by forming a lubricant-infused directly engraved nano-/micro-structured surface (LIDENS) on the lens. This structure was directly engraved onto the lens via line-by-line ablation with a femtosecond laser. This directly engraved nano/microstructure provides LIDENS lenses with superior mechanical robustness compared to lenses with conventional particle-based coatings, enabling the maintenance of clear visibility throughout typical procedures. The LIDENS lens was chemically modified with a fluorinated self-assembled monolayer (F-SAM) followed by infusion of medical-grade perfluorocarbon lubricants. This provides the lens with high transparency (>  70%) along with superior and long-lasting repellency towards various liquids. This excellent liquid repellency was also shown to be maintained during blood dipping, spraying, and droplet condensation experiments. We believe that endoscopic lenses with the LIDENS offer excellent benefits to endoscopic surgery by securing clear visibility for stable operation.
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