Role of densin-180 in mouse ventral hippocampal neurons in 24-hr retention of contextual fear conditioning

Role of densin-180 in mouse ventral hippocampal neurons in 24-hr retention of contextual fear conditioning
Densin-180; Fear Conditioning; Hippocampus; CaMKII; Memory; retrieval
Issue Date
Brain and Behavior
VOL 게재예정, 게재예정
Introduction Densin‐ 180 interacts with postsynaptic molecules including calcium/calmodulin‐ dependent protein kinase IIα (CaMKIIα) but its function in learning and memory process has been unclear. Methods To investigate a role of hippocampal densin‐ 180 in contextual fear conditioning (CFC) learning and memory processes, knockdown (KD) of densin‐ 180 in hippocampal subareas was applied. Results First, ventral hippocampal (vHC) densin‐ 180 KD impaired single‐ trial CFC (stCFC) memory one day later. stCFC caused freezing behaviors to reach the peak about one hour later in both control and KD mice, but then freezing was disappeared at 2 hr postshock in KD mice. Second, stCFC caused an immediate and transient reduction of vHC densin‐ 180 in control mice, which was not observed in KD mice. Third, stCFC caused phosphorylated‐ T286 (p‐ T286) CaMKIIα to change similarly to densin‐ 180, but p‐ T305 CaMKIIα was increased 1 hr later in control mice. In KD mice, these effects were gone. Moreover, both basal levels of p‐ T286 and p‐ T305 CaMKIIα were reduced without change in total CaMKIIα in KD mice. Fourth, we found double‐ trial CFC (dtCFC) memory acquisition and retrieval kinetics were different from those of stCFC in vHC KD mice. In addition, densin‐ 180 in dorsal hippocampal area appeared to play its unique role during the very early retrieval period of both CFC memories. Conclusion This study shows that vHC densin‐ 180 is necessary for stCFC memory formation and retrieval and suggests that both densin‐ 180 and p‐ T305 CaMKIIα at 1 ~ 2 hr postshock are important for stCFC memory formation. We conclude that roles of hippocampal neuronal densin‐ 180 in CFC are temporally dynamic and differential depending on the pattern of conditioning stimuli and its location along the dorsoventral axis of hippocampal formation.
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