Sustainable Encapsulation Strategy of Silicon Nanoparticles in Microcarbon Sphere for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Battery Anode
- Sustainable Encapsulation Strategy of Silicon Nanoparticles in Microcarbon Sphere for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Battery Anode
- 김상옥; 정훈기; 김형석; 권현정; 신현지; 황장연; 곽원진
- Li-ion batteries; Hydrothermal synthesis; Silicon anode; Encapsulation; High energy
- Issue Date
- ACS sustainable chemistry & engineering
- VOL 8-14158
- Owing to the high theoretical capacity, low operating potentials, and natural abundance, silicon (Si) is considered as one of the most promising anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. However, a large volume change during alloying？dealloying often results in pulverization, electrical contact loss, and unstable solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation, leading to rapid capacity fading. We present a rational encapsulation strategy of a silicon？carbon (Si？C) composite as a high-performance anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The Si？C composite material is prepared via a one-pot hydrothermal method by using silicon nanoparticles modified using an etching route and sucrose as a carbon precursor. The proposed Si？C composite material has a meso-macroporous structure and contains a large weight fraction of silicon nanoparticles (40 wt %) encapsulated in a micrometric carbon sphere (∼3 μm). In the composite material, the carbon framework tightly encapsulates the silicon nanoparticles to the interior of the particle, which not only provides electrical conductivity but also decreases the stress/strain of the material during the alloying？dealloying process. The material demonstrates high initial capacity of 1300 mAh g？1, excellent capacity retention of 90% after 200 cycles, and fast charging？discharging capability within 12 min. We believe that the proposed encapsulation strategy here will be helpful in developing a high-energy and low-cost Si？C composite anode.
- Appears in Collections:
- KIST Publication > Article
- Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
- RIS (EndNote)
- XLS (Excel)
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.