Formation Mechanism and Gram-scale Production of PtNi Hollow Nanoparticles for Oxygen Electrocatalysis through in-situ Galvanic Displacement Reaction
- Formation Mechanism and Gram-scale Production of PtNi Hollow Nanoparticles for Oxygen Electrocatalysis through in-situ Galvanic Displacement Reaction
- 유성종; 김남동; 최대일; 정재영; 강윤식; 손연선; 이수형; 이국승; 김필
- Issue Date
- ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
- VOL 12, NO 14-16297
- Galvanic displacement reaction has been considered a simple method for fabricating hollow nanoparticles. However, the formation of hollow interiors in nanoparticles is not easily achieved owing to the easy oxidization of transition metals, which results in mixed morphologies, and the presence of surfactants on the nanoparticle surface, which severely deteriorates the catalytic activity. In this study, we developed a facile gram-scale methodology for the one-pot preparation of carbon-supported PtNi hollow nanoparticles as an efficient and durable oxygen reduction electrocatalyst without using stabilizing agents or additional processes. The hollow structures were evolved from sacrificial Ni nanoparticles via an in situ galvanic displacement reaction with a Pt precursor, directly following a preannealing process. By sampling the PtNi/C hollow nanoparticles at various reaction times, the structural formation mechanism was investigated using transmission electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy mapping/line-scan profiling. We found out that the structure and morphology of the PtNi hollow nanoparticles were controlled by the acidity of the metal precursor solution and the nanoparticle core size. The synthesized PtNi hollow nanoparticles acted as an oxygen reduction electrocatalyst, with a catalytic activity superior to that of a commercial Pt catalyst. Even after 10？000 cycles of harsh accelerated durability testing, the PtNi/C hollow electrocatalyst showed high performance and durability. We concluded that the Pt-rich layers on the PtNi hollow nanoparticles improved the catalytic activity and durability considerably.
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