In Situ Formation of Multiple Schottky Barriers in a Ti3C2 MXene Film and its Application in Highly Sensitive Gas Sensors

Title
In Situ Formation of Multiple Schottky Barriers in a Ti3C2 MXene Film and its Application in Highly Sensitive Gas Sensors
Authors
김선준최정훈김용재조수연박강호강호형정희태
Keywords
MXene; TiO2; Schottky barrier; Gas sensor
Issue Date
2020-10
Publisher
Advanced functional materials
Citation
VOL 30, NO 40, 2003998
Abstract
The main gas­sensing mechanisms of 2D materials are surface charge transfer by analytes and Schottky barrier (SB) modulation at the interface between the metallic and semiconducting surfaces. In particular, dramatic differences in the gas­sensing performances of 2D materials originate from SB modulation. However, SB sites typically exist only at the interface between the semiconducting channel material and the metal electrode. Herein, in situ formed multiple SBs in a single gas­sensing channel are demonstrated, which are derived from the heterojunction of metallic Ti3C2 and semiconducting TiO2. In stark contrast with previous techniques, edge­oxidized Ti3C2 flakes are synthesized by solution oxidation, allowing the uniform formation of TiO2 crystals on all flakes that comprise the gas sensing channel. Oxidized colloidal solutions are subjected to vacuum filtration to automatically form SB sites at the multiple inter­flake junctions in both the outer surface and inner bulk regions of the film. The TiO2/Ti3C2 composite sensor shows 13.7 times higher NO2 sensitivity as compared with pristine Ti3C2 MXene, while the responses of the reducing gases are almost unchanged. The results suggest a new strategy for improving gas­sensing performance by maximizing the density of SB sites through a simple method.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/72105
ISSN
1616-301X
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