Bile acid-based dual-functional prodrug nanoparticles for bone regeneration through hydrogen peroxide scavenging and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells

Title
Bile acid-based dual-functional prodrug nanoparticles for bone regeneration through hydrogen peroxide scavenging and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells
Authors
박귀덕Yoshie Arai박효은박성현김도현백인호Lipjeong Jeong김병주이동원이수홍
Issue Date
2020-12
Publisher
Journal of controlled release
Citation
VOL 328-607
Abstract
A high level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) upregulates pro-inflammatory cytokines and inhibits the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which are key factors in bone regeneration. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), a hydrophilic bile acid, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities and also plays beneficial roles in bone regeneration by stimulating the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs while suppressing their adipogenic differentiation. Despite its remarkable capacity for bone regeneration, multiple injections of UDCA induce adverse side effects such as mechanical stress and contamination in bone defects. To fully exploit the beneficial roles of UDCA, a concept polymeric prodrug was developed based on the hypothesis that removal of overproduced H2O2 will potentiate the osteogenic functions of UDCA. In this work, we report bone regenerative nanoparticles (NPs) formulated from a polymeric prodrug of UDCA (PUDCA) with UDCA incorporated in its backbone through H2O2-responsive peroxalate linkages. The PUDCA NPs displayed potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities in MSCs and induced osteogenic rather than adipogenic differentiation of the MSCs. In rat models of bone defect, the PUDCA NPs exhibited significantly better bone regeneration capacity and anti-inflammatory effects than equivalent amounts of UDCA. We anticipate that PUDCA NPs have tremendous translational potential as bone regenerative agents.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/72115
ISSN
0168-3659
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KIST Publication > Article
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