Lung-targeted delivery of TGF-β antisense oligonucleotides to treat pulmonary fibrosis
- Lung-targeted delivery of TGF-β antisense oligonucleotides to treat pulmonary fibrosis
- 안대로; 김세훈; 강성재; 히엔 타이; 김정현; 이서경; 김경란; 전슬기; 이윤실
- Issue Date
- Journal of controlled release
- VOL 322-121
- Pulmonary fibrosis is a serious respiratory disease, with limited therapeutic options. Since TGF-β is a critical factor in the fibrotic process, downregulation of this cytokine has been considered a potential approach for disease treatment. Herein, we designed a new lung-targeted delivery technology based on the complexation of polymeric antisense oligonucleotides (pASO) and dimeric human β-defensin 23 (DhBD23). Antisense oligonucleotides targeting TGF-β mRNA were polymerized by rolling circle amplification and complexed with DhBD23. After complexation with DhBD23, pASO showed improved serum stability and enhanced uptake by fibroblasts in vitro and lung-specific accumulation upon intravenous injection in vivo. The pASO/DhBD23 complex delivered into the lung downregulated target mRNA, and subsequently alleviated lung fibrosis in mice, as demonstrated by western blotting, quantitative reverse-transcriptase PCR (qRT-PCR), immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence imaging. Moreover, as the complex was prepared only with highly biocompatible materials such as DNA and human-derived peptides, no systemic toxicity was observed in major organs. Therefore, the pASO/DhBD23 complex is a promising gene therapy platform with lung-targeting ability to treat various pulmonary diseases, including pulmonary fibrosis, with low side effects.
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