A catalytic composite membrane reactor system for hydrogen production from ammonia using steam as a sweep gas

Title
A catalytic composite membrane reactor system for hydrogen production from ammonia using steam as a sweep gas
Authors
남석우한종희김용민윤창원정향수손현태조영석박용하차준영오현택이태호이성훈박명곤
Keywords
Catalytic membrane reactor; Pure hydrogen production; Ammonia decomposition; Steam sweep gas; Membrane reactor process demonstration
Issue Date
2020-11
Publisher
Journal of membrane science
Citation
VOL 614, 118483
Abstract
For catalytic reactions involving H2 extraction, the membrane reactor is an attractive option for enhancing the equilibrium and kinetics while eliminating excessive purification steps. In this study, a steam carrier adopted composite membrane reactor system is developed to produce pure H2 (>99.99%) from ammonia with high H2 productivity (>0.35 mol-H2 gcat?1 h?1) and ammonia conversion (>99%) at a significantly reduced operating temperature (<723 K). Coupling of a custom developed palladium/tantalum composite metallic membrane and ruthenium on lanthanum-doped alumina catalysts allowed stable operation of the membrane system with significant mass transfer enhancement. Various reactor assemblies involving as-fabricated membranes and catalysts are experimentally compared to suggest the optimal configuration and operating conditions for future applications. Steam is adopted as a sweep gas, presenting efficient H2 recovery (>91%) while replacing conventionally utilized noble carrier gases that require additional gas separation processes. The steam carrier presents similar membrane reactor performance to that of noble gases, and the water reservoir used for steam generation acts as an ammonia buffer via scrubbing effects. Finally, electricity generation is demonstrated using a commercial fuel cell along with process simulation, substantiating potential of the proposed membrane system in practical applications for H2 production from ammonia and on-site power generation.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/72182
ISSN
0376-7388
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KIST Publication > Article
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