Parallel and series multi-bed pressure swing adsorption processes for H2 recovery from a lean hydrogen mixture

Title
Parallel and series multi-bed pressure swing adsorption processes for H2 recovery from a lean hydrogen mixture
Authors
조영석박용하강준호문동규이창하
Issue Date
2021-03
Publisher
Chemical engineering journal
Citation
VOL 408, 127299
Abstract
The demand for clean energy sources has made H2 recovery from various lean hydrogen mixtures increasingly attractive. In this study, parallel and series pressure swing adsorption (PSA) processes were investigated experimentally and theoretically, and > 99% pure H2 was produced from a lean hydrogen mixture (H2:CO:N2:CO2 = 19.9:0.1:44.6:35.4 mol%) at 10 bar. A mathematical model for a PSA process using activated carbon and zeolite 13X was simultaneously validated with results from breakthrough experiments and a parallel two-bed PSA process. The parallel two-bed PSA process using a layered bed (lower bed: activated carbon, upper bed: zeolite 13X) experimentally produced H2 with a purity of 94.6?98.3% and a recovery of 33.5?63.2%; CO was not detected in the H2 product. In the parallel four-bed PSA process, the H2 recovery was drastically increased to 77.3% due to an additional pressure equalization step, but the increase in H2 purity was minute. The series PSA process, which was divided into the bulk separator and the purifier, was theoretically studied under various operating conditions. The series three- and four-bed PSA processes could produce H2 with over > 99% purity and a recovery of 62.478% and 82.643%, respectively, due to the additional pressure equalization step and the utilization of blowdown gas. The parallel four-bed PSA process showed the highest H2 productivity (33.58 molH2 kgads?1 day?1), while the series four-bed PSA process achieved an H2 productivity of 23.96 molH2 kgads?1 day?1 with > 99% H2 purity.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/72184
ISSN
1385-8947
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KIST Publication > Article
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