Tailoring selective pores of carbon molecular sieve membranes towards enhanced N2/CH4 separation efficiency
- Tailoring selective pores of carbon molecular sieve membranes towards enhanced N2/CH4 separation efficiency
- 황승상; 이성수; 유현정; 신주호; 김정훈; 백서인; 이종석
- Issue Date
- Journal of membrane science
- VOL 620, 118814
- Membrane-based separation technology is attractive for upgrading small-scale natural gas due to the benefits of the pressure-driven process with a small footprint. Very few carbon molecular sieve (CMS) membranes with high N2/CH4 separation efficiency have been reported since the relationship between CMS structure and separation performance has not been fully elucidated. Here, we report the significance of controlling the effective pore size in our newly developed hybrid CMS matrix for enhanced N2/CH4 selectivity based on experimental characterizations and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. A new class of CMS membranes with an excellent N2/CH4 selectivity is demonstrated by pyrolysis of a homogeneous, hydrogen-bonded blend of BTDA-Durene:DABA (3:2) polyimide and ladder-structured poly(phenyl-co-3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyl)silsesquioxane (LPDA64). DFT calculations suggest that electron accumulation at SiOx phases of hybrid CMS membranes strongly hinders the diffusion of CH4 compared to N2 due to a larger electron overlap, resulting in a smaller effective pore size. Moreover, elevating the pyrolysis temperatures enhanced the N2/CH4 solubility selectivity due to the strong repulsive interaction between the newly formed ultramicropores with CH4. As a result, the hybrid CMS membranes showed an excellent single gas and N2/CH4/C2H6 (20/76/4) mixed gas N2/CH4 selectivity (28 and 16, respectively).
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