Effect of initial microstructure on the deformation heterogeneities of 316L stainless steels fabricated by selective laser melting processing

Title
Effect of initial microstructure on the deformation heterogeneities of 316L stainless steels fabricated by selective laser melting processing
Authors
김동익김병규Amol B. KaleJaiveer SinghShi-Hoon Choi
Keywords
316L stainless steel; SLM; EBSD; Microstructure; Deformation
Issue Date
2020-07
Publisher
JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY-JMR&T
Citation
VOL 9, NO 4-8883
Abstract
The selective laser melting (SLM) is a popular additive manufacturing (AM) technique used for the fabrication of metal parts. In the present study, two 316L stainless steel specimens (SLM-I and SLM-II) with different microstructures were fabricated with different levels of energy density by changing the laser power and scanning speed, which are the main SLM process conditions. The deformation and fracture behavior of miniature SLM specimens under uniaxial tension were experimentally measured via optical microscopy (OM), field emission scanning microscopy (FE-SEM), and an electron back-scattered diffraction (EBSD) technique. In order to analyze the deformation heterogeneities under uniaxial tension, the inverse pole figure (IPF) map, kernel average misorientation (KAM) map, Taylor factor (TF) map, grain boundaries (GBs), E3 twin boundaries (TBs), and melt pool boundaries (MPBs) developed in deformed SLM specimens were analyzed at different strain levels. The effect of microstructural factors on the deformation heterogeneities of SLM specimens was explained by the evolution of KAM, GBs, MPBs, and E3 TBs. The initial microstructures of the SLM specimens significantly influenced the generation and propagation of cracks under uniaxial tension. (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/72292
ISSN
2238-785
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KIST Publication > Article
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