Distinct dual roles of p-Tyr42 RhoA GTPase in tau phosphorylation and ATP citrate lyase activation upon different Aβ concentrations
- Distinct dual roles of p-Tyr42 RhoA GTPase in tau phosphorylation and ATP citrate lyase activation upon different Aβ concentrations
- 류훈; 현승재; Kim Cuong Cap; Yeon-Joo Jung; Bo Young Choi; Jae-Gyu Kim; Jung-Ki Min; Rokibul Islam; Abu Jubayer Hossain; Won-Suk Chung; Sang Won Suh; Jae-Bong Park
- Issue Date
- Redox Biology
- VOL 32, 101446
- Both the accumulation of Amyloid-β (Aβ) in plaques and phosphorylation of Tau protein (p-Tau) in neurofibrillary tangles have been identified as two major symptomatic features of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Despite of critical role of Aβ and p-Tau in AD progress, the interconnection of signalling pathways that Aβ induces p-Tau remains elusive. Herein, we observed that a popular AD model mouse (APP/PS1) and Aβ-injected mouse showed an increase in p-Tyr42 Rho in hippocampus of brain. Low concentrations of Aβ (1 μM) induced RhoA-mediated Ser422 phosphorylation of Tau protein (p-Ser422 Tau), but reduced the expression of ATP citrate lyase (ACL) in the HT22 hippocampal neuronal cell line. In contrast, high concentrations of Aβ (10 μM) along with high levels of superoxide production remarkably attenuated accumulation of p-Ser422 Tau, but augmented ACL expression and activated sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1), leading to cellular senescence. Notably, a high concentration of Aβ (10 μM) induced nuclear localization of p-Tyr42 Rho, which positively regulated NAD kinase (NADK) expression by binding to the NADK promoter. Furthermore, severe AD patient brain showed high p-Tyr42 Rho levels. Collectively, our findings indicate that both high and low concentrations of Aβ are detrimental to neurons via distinct two p-Tyr42 RhoA-mediated signalling pathways in Ser422 phosphorylation of Tau and ACL expression.
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