Epidermal growth factor (EGF)-based activatable probe for predicting therapeutic outcome of an EGF-based doxorubicin prodrug
- Epidermal growth factor (EGF)-based activatable probe for predicting therapeutic outcome of an EGF-based doxorubicin prodrug
- 권익찬; 김광명; 류주희; 심만규; 김한영; 엄상훈; 양수아; 박주호; 성예진; 김은선
- Issue Date
- Journal of controlled release
- VOL 328-236
- One of the most promising approaches for the treatment of colorectal cancer is targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Comprehensive research has led to significant clinical outcomes using EGFR-targeted anticancer drugs; however, the response to these drugs still largely varies among individuals. The current diagnostic platform provides limited information that does not enable successful prediction of the anticancer performance of EGFR-targeted drugs. Here, we developed a EGFR-targeted activatable probe for predicting therapeutic efficacy of EGFR-targeted doxorubicin prodrug in colorectal cancer therapy. The EGF-conjugated fluorescence-activatable probe (EGF-probe) and EGF-conjugated doxorubicin prodrug (EGF-prodrug) were both fabricated using peptide substrates that can be dissociated by lysosomal enzymes, and thus share an intracellular mechanism of action. We demonstrated that after EGFR-mediated endocytosis, lysosomal enzymes de-quench the fluorescence of EGF-probe and activate the cytotoxicity of EGF-prodrug. When evaluated in vivo, EGF-probe yielded an outstanding cancer-specific imaging ability with reduced background signals. EGF-prodrug also successfully targeted the tumor and promoted cancer cell death. We tested different colorectal cancer cell types to investigate the correlation between the fluorescence recovery efficiency of EGF-probe and the cytotoxicity of EGF-prodrug. Strong correlations were observed both in vitro and in vivo. The actions of EGF-probe and EGF-prodrug were dependent on the inherent lysosomal activity of the cell type rather than its EGFR expression level. Our proposed approach using EGF-probe and EGF-prodrug may overcome the major drawback of the conventional theranostic platform and provide great opportunity for successful personalized cancer therapy.
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