Enhanced Interactions between Dipolar Polaritons
- Enhanced Interactions between Dipolar Polaritons
- 임향택; Emre Togan; Stefan Faelt; Werner Wegscheider; Atac Imamoglu
- Issue Date
- Physical review letters
- VOL 121, NO 22, 227402
- Nonperturbative coupling between cavity photons and excitons leads to the formation of hybrid light-matter excitations, termed polaritons. In structures where photon absorption leads to the creation of excitons with aligned permanent dipoles, the elementary excitations, termed dipolar polaritons, are expected to exhibit enhanced interactions. Here, we report a substantial increase in interaction strength between dipolar polaritons as the size of the dipole is increased by tuning the applied gate voltage. To this end, we use coupled quantum well structures embedded inside a microcavity where coherent electron tunneling between the wells creates the excitonic dipole. Modifications of the interaction strength are characterized by measuring the changes in the reflected light intensity when polaritons are driven with a resonant laser. The factor of 6.5 increase in the interaction-strength-to-linewidth ratio that we obtain indicates that dipolar polaritons could constitute an important step towards a demonstration of the polariton blockade effect, and thereby to form the building blocks of many-body states of light.
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