Three-tissue microphysiological system for studying inflammatory responses in gut-liver Axis

Title
Three-tissue microphysiological system for studying inflammatory responses in gut-liver Axis
Authors
최낙원Joong-won Jeon이승환성종환
Issue Date
2020-09
Publisher
Biomedical microdevices
Citation
VOL 22, 65
Abstract
The interaction between the gut and the liver, often known as the gut-liver axis, play crucial roles in modulating the body’s responses to the xenobiotics as well as progression of diseases. Dysfunction of the axis can cause metabolic disorders as well as obesity, diabetes, and fatty liver disease. During the progression of such diseases, inflammatory responses involving the immune system also play an important part. In this study, we developed a three-tissue microphysiological system (MPS) that can accommodate three different cell types in separated compartments connected via fluidic channels in a microfluidic device. Using computational fluid dynamics, geometry of fluidic channels and flow conditions were optimized for seeding and culturing different cell types in the three-tissue MPS. Caco-2 (gut), RAW264.7 (immune), and HepG2 (liver) cells were seeded and cultured in the chip. Stimulation of the gut cells in the MPS with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) resulted in induction of inflammatory response and production of nitric oxide (NO) in all connected chambers. The anti-inflammatory effect of luteolin was demonstrated. Our study demonstrates that the three-tissue MPS can recapitulate the inflammatory responses involving the gut, liver and immune cells.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/72517
ISSN
1387-2176
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KIST Publication > Article
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