Cyclin Y, a novel actin-binding protein, regulates spine plasticity through the cofilin-actin pathway
- Cyclin Y, a novel actin-binding protein, regulates spine plasticity through the cofilin-actin pathway
- 임혜원; 박미경; 김수연; 서지연; 조은실; 황홍익; 허영나; 손희성; 홍정화; 최유리; 이새봄; 송성은; 이아람; 조동규
- Issue Date
- Progress in neurobiology
- VOL 198-101915-17
- While positive regulators of hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) have extensively been investigated, relatively little is known about the inhibitory regulators of LTP. We previously reported that Cyclin Y (CCNY), a member of cyclin family generally known to function in proliferating cells, is a novel postsynaptic protein that serves as a negative regulator of functional LTP. However, whether CCNY plays a role in structural LTP, which is mechanistically linked to functional LTP, and which mechanisms are involved in the CCNY-mediated suppression of LTP at the molecular level remain elusive. Here, we report that CCNY negatively regulates the plasticity-induced changes in spine morphology through the control of actin dynamics. We observed that CCNY directly binds to filamentous actin and interferes with LTP-induced actin polymerization as well as depolymerization by blocking the activation of cofilin, an actin-depolymerizing factor, thus resulting in less plastic spines and the impairment of structural LTP. These data suggest that CCNY acts as an inhibitory regulator for both structural and functional LTP by modulating actin dynamics through the cofilin-actin pathway. Collectively, our findings provide a mechanistic insight into the inhibitory modulation of hippocampal LTP by CCNY, highlighting a novel function of a cyclin family protein in non-proliferating neuronal cells.
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