Low-Power Miniaturized Helium Dielectric Barrier Discharge Photoionization Detectors for Highly Sensitive Vapor Detection
- Low-Power Miniaturized Helium Dielectric Barrier Discharge Photoionization Detectors for Highly Sensitive Vapor Detection
- 이지원; Hongbo Zhu; Menglian Zhou; Robert Nidetz; Katsuo Kurabayashi; Xudong Fan
- Issue Date
- Analytical chemistry
- VOL 88, NO 17-8786
- This paper presents the design, fabrication, and characterization of a microhelium dielectric barrier discharge photoionization detector (mu HDBD-PID) on chip with dimensions of only similar to 15 mm x similar to 10 mm x similar to 0.7 mm and weight of only similar to 0.25 g. It offers low power consumption (<400 mW), low helium consumption (5.8 mL/min), rapid response (up to similar to 60 ms at a flow rate of 1.5 mL/min), quick warm-up time (similar to 5 min), an excellent detection limit (a few picograms), a large linear dynamic range (>4 orders of magnitude), and maintenance-free operation. Furthermore, the mu HDBD-PID can be driven with a miniaturized (similar to 5 cm x similar to 2.5 cm x similar to 2.5 cm), light (22 g), and low cost (similar to$2) power supply with only 1.5 VDC input. The dependence of the mu HDBD-PID performance on bias voltage, auxiliary helium flow rate, carrier gas flow rate, and temperature was also systematically investigated. Finally, the mu HDBD-PID was employed to detect permanent gases and a sublist of the EPA 8260 standard reagents that include 51 analytes. The mu HDBD-PID developed here can have a broad range of applications in portable and microgas chromatography systems for in situ, real-time, and sensitive gas analysis.
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