Tailoring the equilibrium hydrogen pressure of TiFe via vanadium substitution
- Tailoring the equilibrium hydrogen pressure of TiFe via vanadium substitution
- 조영환; 서진유; 이영수; 정지윤; 허주열
- Issue Date
- Journal of alloys and compounds
- VOL 854, 157263
- We present that the equilibrium hydrogen pressure of titanium iron (TiFe) alloy, a room-temperature hydrogen storage material, can be tailored via vanadium alloying. While many 3d transition metal alloying elements (e.g., Mn, Cr, Co, and Ni) typically replace the Fe sublattice in TiFe, vanadium can replace both the Ti and Fe sublattices. Density functional theory calculation predicts that the substitution of Ti with V yields a unique effect: the equilibrium pressures of TiFe/TiFeH (P1) and TiFeH/TiFeH2 (P2) are closer, resulting in a decreased P2/P1 ratio. Experimental pressure-composition isotherms confirm this theoretical prediction. The lower P2/P1 is beneficial because the two-step TiFe hydrogenation reactions can be contained within a narrow pressure range. In contrast, the substitution of V for Fe lowers both P1 and P2, but lowers P1 more, resulting in a higher P2/P1 ratio. The contrasting effects contingent on the substitution site is a crucial factor in alloy design. It highlights the significance of vanadium as a versatile alloying element that modifies the hydrogen storage property of TiFe.
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