Tailoring the equilibrium hydrogen pressure of TiFe via vanadium substitution

Title
Tailoring the equilibrium hydrogen pressure of TiFe via vanadium substitution
Authors
조영환서진유이영수정지윤허주열
Issue Date
2021-02
Publisher
Journal of alloys and compounds
Citation
VOL 854, 157263
Abstract
We present that the equilibrium hydrogen pressure of titanium iron (TiFe) alloy, a room-temperature hydrogen storage material, can be tailored via vanadium alloying. While many 3d transition metal alloying elements (e.g., Mn, Cr, Co, and Ni) typically replace the Fe sublattice in TiFe, vanadium can replace both the Ti and Fe sublattices. Density functional theory calculation predicts that the substitution of Ti with V yields a unique effect: the equilibrium pressures of TiFe/TiFeH (P1) and TiFeH/TiFeH2 (P2) are closer, resulting in a decreased P2/P1 ratio. Experimental pressure-composition isotherms confirm this theoretical prediction. The lower P2/P1 is beneficial because the two-step TiFe hydrogenation reactions can be contained within a narrow pressure range. In contrast, the substitution of V for Fe lowers both P1 and P2, but lowers P1 more, resulting in a higher P2/P1 ratio. The contrasting effects contingent on the substitution site is a crucial factor in alloy design. It highlights the significance of vanadium as a versatile alloying element that modifies the hydrogen storage property of TiFe.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/72749
ISSN
0925-8388
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