Reinforced Polymer Blend Membranes with Liposome-Like Morphology for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells Operating under Low-Humidity Conditions
- Reinforced Polymer Blend Membranes with Liposome-Like Morphology for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells Operating under Low-Humidity Conditions
- 김형준; 장종현; 유성종; 김진영; 이소영; 채지언; 박치훈; 이승주; 이혜진
- PEMFC; electrolyte membrane
- Issue Date
- Advanced engineering materials
- VOL 게재예정-2001174
- Reinforced polymer blend membranes with liposomelike morphology prepared for applications in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells from a sulfonated poly(ether sulfone) (BPSH), a hydroxylated poly(ether sulfone), and a hydroxylated sulfonated poly(ether sulfone) as a compatibilizer are characterized both experimentally and theoretically (by mesoscale and molecular dynamics simulations). Compared with those prepared from pristine BPSH, blend membranes exhibit improved mechanical strength, lower water uptake, and better dimensional stability, which is ascribed to the presence of hydroxylated polymers and the resulting hydrogen bonding between polymer chains. The blend membranes also show unusual morphologies; e.g., the 60811 membrane exhibits a unique nanoscale phaseseparated morphology similar to that of a liposome, featuring hydrophilic spherical ionic clusters (0.5？μm) with the small ionic domains of 15？20？nm at their cores. Hydrogen bonding between hydroxyl groups and sulfonic acid groups in this membrane results in enhanced water retention capability, high proton conductivity, and excellent singlecell performance superior to that of Nafion 212 under the conditions of both full and insufficient hydration.
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