High Performance Nanofiltration Membrane for Effective Removal of Perfluoroalkyl Substances at High Water Recovery
- High Performance Nanofiltration Membrane for Effective Removal of Perfluoroalkyl Substances at High Water Recovery
- 부찬희; Yunkun Wang; Ines Zucker; Youngwoo Choo; Chinedum O. Osuji; Menachem Elimelech
- Issue Date
- Environmental science & technology
- VOL 52, NO 13-7278
- We demonstrate the fabrication of a loose, negatively charged nanofiltration (NF) membrane with tailored selectivity for the removal of perfluoroalkyl substances with reduced scaling potential. A selective polyamide layer was fabricated on top of a poly(ether sulfone) support via interfacial polymerization of trimesoyl chloride and a mixture of piperazine and bipiperidine. Incorporating high molecular weight bipiperidine during the interfacial polymerization enables the formation of a loose, nanoporous selective layer structure. The fabricated NF membrane possessed a negative surface charge and had a pore diameter of similar to 1.2 nm, much larger than a widely used commercial NF membrane (i.e., NF270 with pore diameter of similar to 0.8 nm). We evaluated the performance of the fabricated NF membrane for the rejection of different salts (i.e., NaCI, CaCl2, and Na2SO4) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). The fabricated NF membrane exhibited a high retention of PFOA (similar to 90%) while allowing high passage of scale-forming cations (i.e., calcium). We further performed gypsum scaling experiments to demonstrate lower scaling potential of the fabricated loose porous NF membrane compared to NF membranes having a dense selective layer under solution conditions simulating high water recovery. Our results demonstrate that properly designed NF membranes are a critical component of a high recovery NF system, which provide an efficient and sustainable solution for remediation of groundwater contaminated with perfluoroalkyl substances.
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