Self-cleaning anti-fouling hybrid ultrafiltration membranes via side chain grafting of poly(aryl ether sulfone) and titanium dioxide
- Self-cleaning anti-fouling hybrid ultrafiltration membranes via side chain grafting of poly(aryl ether sulfone) and titanium dioxide
- 부찬희; Zhi Geng; Xue Yang; Suiyi Zhu; Ying Lu; Wei Fan; Mingxin Huo; Menachem Elimelech; Xia Yang
- Issue Date
- Journal of membrane science
- VOL 529-10
- We report the fabrication and characterization of a novel organic/inorganic hybrid ultrafiltration membrane with anti-fouling and self-cleaning properties. Nanoscale TiO2 clusters were grafted on the side chains of a poly(aryl ether sulfone) matrix containing trifluoromethyl and carboxyl groups (PES-F-COOH) using a silane coupling agent. Separation efficiency, fouling behavior, and self-cleaning property of the TiO2/PES-F-COOH hybrid ultrafiltration membrane were investigated by dead-end filtration experiments using a polyacrylamide foulant solution. Analysis of the membrane chemistry showed that grafting TiO2 on the side chain of the PES-F-COOH resulted in homogeneous dispersion of TiO2 clusters in the polymer matrix. The hybrid UF membrane exhibited significant self-cleaning efficiency. Specifically, water flux following polyacrylamide fouling was 53% recovered after membrane exposure to UV irradiation, which is attributable to photocatalytic degradation of the organic foulants by TiO2. We further demonstrated the anti-photocatalytic ageing property of the hybrid UF membrane, indicating resistance to decomposition of the membrane polymer matrix by photocatalytic oxidation. Our developed method can serve as a versatile platform for the development of anti-fouling and self-cleaning hybrid membranes or functional materials for a wide range of applications.
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