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|dc.contributor.author||Shane A. Snyder||-|
|dc.contributor.author||Joon Ha Kim||-|
|dc.description.abstract||A numerical model for predicting the flux decline due to colloidal fouling was developed for a forward osmosis (FO) membrane system. We derived the kinetic equation of the cake layer growth based on a first-order reaction and control volume approach. Based on the model simulation, it was found that the deposited particles on a membrane surface are proportional to the feed concentration and the permeate flux. Moreover, the simulation result reveals that the cake-enhanced osmotic pressure (CEOP) is a key factor diminishing the permeate flux for large colloidal foulants. For small colloidal foulants, the hydraulic resistance of the cake layer is dominant in flux decline at the beginning of the fouling and CEOP increasingly become significant as fouling progresses. The effects of the reverse draw solute permeation on the flux decline were also simulated. Interestingly, the increased reverse draw solute permeation obtained by increasing the solute permeability showed little effect on the flux decline. Contrarily, variation of the diffusivity significantly influenced the flux decline. Consequently, the numerical model developed in this paper suggests that the selection of draw solute for an FO membrane process should be carefully regarded, along with the fouling mechanism.||-|
|dc.title||Modeling of colloidal fouling in forward osmosis membrane: Effects of reverse draw solution permeation||-|
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