Long-term and stable antimicrobial properties of immobilized Ni/TiO2 nanocomposites against Escherichia coli, Legionella thermalis, and MS2 bacteriophage

Title
Long-term and stable antimicrobial properties of immobilized Ni/TiO2 nanocomposites against Escherichia coli, Legionella thermalis, and MS2 bacteriophage
Authors
홍석원김은주이지호박현영김형은정은후Changha Lee
Keywords
Legionella thermalis; Long-term antibacterial activity; Nickel; Photodeposition; TiO2 photocatalyst
Issue Date
2021-03
Publisher
Environmental research
Citation
VOL 194, 110657
Abstract
Nickel has been extensively used as a high work function metal because of its abundance, low cost, relatively non-toxic nature, and environmentally benign characteristics. However, it has rarely been extended in a form of immobilized composite, which is a practical strategy applicable for photocatalytic antimicrobial activities. In this study, a composite of nickel and TiO2 (Ni/TiO2) was prepared using a photodeposition method, and its antibacterial properties were investigated using Escherichia coli (E. coli). To optimize Ni/TiO2 synthesis, the effect of various photodeposition conditions on antibacterial performance were investigated, such as the light irradiation time, metal content, TiO2 crystalline structure, and presence or absence of electron donors (i.e., methanol). The optimized 2 wt% Ni/TiO2 exhibited an antibacterial efficiency of 3.74 log within 7 min, which is more than 10-fold higher than that of pristine TiO2 (2.54 log). Based on this optimized weight ratio, Ni/TiO2 was immobilized on a steel mesh using an electrospray/thermal compression method, and its antibacterial performance was further assessed against E. coli, MS2 bacteriophage virus (MS2 phage), and a common pulmonary pathogen (Legionella thermalis, L. thermalis). Within 70 min, all target microorganisms achieved an inactivation that exceeded 4 log. Furthermore, the long-term stability and sustainable usability of the Ni/TiO2 mesh were confirmed by performing more than 50 antibacterial evaluation cycles using E. coli. The results of this study facilitate the successful utilization of immobilized Ni/TiO2 mesh in water disinfection applications.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/72851
ISSN
0013-9351
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KIST Publication > Article
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