Persulfate enhanced photoelectrochemical oxidation of organic pollutants using self-doped TiO2 nanotube arrays: Effect of operating parameters and water matrix

Title
Persulfate enhanced photoelectrochemical oxidation of organic pollutants using self-doped TiO2 nanotube arrays: Effect of operating parameters and water matrix
Authors
홍석원이지호손아섬Changha LeeKangwoo ChoJaesang Lee
Keywords
Organic pollutant; Peroxydisulfate; Photoelectrochemical; Reactive oxidant species; Self-doped TiO2nanotube array
Issue Date
2021-03
Publisher
Water research
Citation
VOL 191, 116803
Abstract
This study investigated the influence of adding peroxydisulfate (PDS) to a photoelectrocatalysis (PEC) system using self-doped TiO2 nanotube arrays (bl-TNAs) for organic pollutant degradation. The addition of 1.0 mM PDS increased the bisphenol-A (BPA) removal efficiency of PEC (PEC/PDS) from 65.0% to 85.9% within 1 h. The enhancement could be attributed to the high formation yield of hydroxyl radicals (·OH), increased charge separation, and assistance of the sulfate radicals (SO4·?). The PDS concentration and applied potential bias were influential operating parameters for the PEC/PDS system. In addition, the system exhibited a highly stable performance over a wide range of pH values and background inorganic and organic constituents, such as chloride ions, bicarbonate, and humic acid. Further, the degradation performance of the organic pollutant mixture, including BPA, 4-chlorophenol (4-CP), sulfamethoxazole (SMX), and carbamazepine (CBZ), was evaluated in 0.1 M (NH4)2SO4 solution and real surface water. The degradation efficiency increased in the order of CBZ < SMX < 4-CP < BPA in the PEC and PEC/PDS systems with both water matrices. Compared with the PEC system, the PEC/PDS (1.0 mM) system showed a threefold higher pseudo first-order reaction rate constant for BPA among pollutant mixtures in surface water. This was attributed to enhanced ·OH production and the selective nature of SO4·?. The pseudo first-order reaction rate constants of other pollutants, i.e., 4-CP, SMX, and CBZ increased ca. twofold in the PEC/PDS system. The results of this study showed that the PEC/PDS system with bl-TNAs is a viable technology for oxidative treatment.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/72887
ISSN
0043-1354
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KIST Publication > Article
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