The changes in growth parameters, qualities, and chemical constituents of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) cultivated in three different hydroponic systems

Title
The changes in growth parameters, qualities, and chemical constituents of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) cultivated in three different hydroponic systems
Authors
노주원유지혜박재억손양주김준호
Issue Date
2021-05
Publisher
Industrial crops and products
Citation
VOL 163, 113313
Abstract
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) is a popular herb used as an aromatic and medicinal resource as well as a herbal tea. Due to a lack of information on the hydroponic growth of lemon balm, three hydroponic systems (artificial soil bed, perlite bed, and aeroponic) that could be applied to industrial production were tested in the present study. In this context, the growth parameters, mineral contents, color traits, anti-oxidative capacities, and phenolic compounds of lemon balm were analyzed. As a result, the three types of systems assessed showed similar yields and even compared to previous studies. However, the soilless cultivation system (perlite and aeroponic) showed increased nitrate content but decreased the chlorine mineral content. In addition, they showed lowered total phenolic acid content and radical scavenging capacity, which was associated with decreased rosmarinic acid and lithospermic acid A, the major phenolic compounds in lemon balm. Conversely, the caffeic acid and methyl rosmarinate content increased by 6?8 times in soilless cultivation system compared to soil-based conditions. In conclusion, the hydroponic cultivation methods used in this study could be applied to the industrial production of lemon balm with yields and qualities consistent with traditional growth conditions. In addition, soilless hydroponic systems could be used to produce specified lemon balm rich in caffeic acid and methyl rosmarinate.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/72917
ISSN
0926-6690
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE