Schisandrol A Suppresses Catabolic Factor Expression by Blocking NF-κB Signaling in Osteoarthritis
- Schisandrol A Suppresses Catabolic Factor Expression by Blocking NF-κB Signaling in Osteoarthritis
- 판철호; 이충구; Seong Jae Han; Jimoon Jun; Seong-il Eyun; Jimin Jeon
- Schisandrol A; cartilage destruction; osteoarthritis; NF-κB
- Issue Date
- VOL 14, NO 3-14
- Schisandrol A possesses pharmacological properties and is used to treat various diseases; however, its effects on osteoarthritis (OA) progression remain unclear. Here, we investigated Schisandrol A as a potential therapeutic agent for OA. In vitro, Schisandrol A effects were confirmed based on the levels of expression of catabolic factors (MMPs, ADAMTS5, and Cox2) induced by IL-1β or Schisandrol A treatment in chondrocytes. In vivo, experimental OA in mice was induced using a destabilized medial meniscus (DMM) surgical model or oral gavage of Schisandrol A in a dose-dependent manner, and demonstrated using histological analysis. In vitro and in vivo analyses demonstrated that Schisandrol A inhibition attenuated osteoarthritic cartilage destruction via the regulation of Mmp3, Mmp13, Adamts5, and Cox2 expression. In the NF-κB signaling pathway, Schisandrol A suppressed the degradation of IκB and the phosphorylation of p65 induced by IL-1β. Overall, and Schisandrol A reduced the expression of catabolic factors by blocking NF-κB signaling and prevented cartilage destruction. Therefore, Schisandrol A attenuated OA progression, and can be used to develop novel OA drug therapies.
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