Obtusifolin, an Anthraquinone Extracted from Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby, Reduces Inflammation in a Mouse Osteoarthritis Model
- Obtusifolin, an Anthraquinone Extracted from Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby, Reduces Inflammation in a Mouse Osteoarthritis Model
- 판철호; 이충구; Jiho Nam; DongWon Seol; Gabbine Wee; Siyoung Yang
- obtusifolin; osteoarthritis; inflammation; NFκB
- Issue Date
- VOL 14, NO 3-10
- Osteoarthritis (OA) is an agerelated degenerative disease that causes cartilage dysfunction and inflammation. Obtusifolin, an anthraquinone extracted from Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby seeds, has antiinflammatory functions; it could be used as a drug component to relieve OA symptoms. In this study, we investigated the effects of obtusifolin on OA inflammation. In vitro, interleukin (IL)1β (1 ng/mL)treated mouse chondrocytes were cotreated with obtusifolin at different concentrations. The expression of matrix metalloproteinase (Mmp) 3, Mmp13, cyclooxygenase 2 (Cox2), and signaling proteins was measured by polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting; collagenase activity and the PGE2 level were also determined. In vivo, OAinduced C57BL/6mice were administered obtusifolin, and their cartilage was stained with Safranin O to observe damage. Obtusifolin inhibited Mmp3, Mmp13, and Cox2 expression to levels similar to or more than those after treatment with celecoxib. Additionally, obtusifolin decreased collagenase activity and the PGE2 level. Furthermore, obtusifolin regulated OA via the NFκB signaling pathway. In surgically induced OA mouse models, the cartilage destruction decreased when obtusifolin was administered orally. Taken together, our results show that obtusifolin effectively reduces cartilage damage via the regulation of MMPs and Cox2 expression. Hence, we suggest that obtusifolin could be a component of another OA symptom reliever.
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