Adaptive therapy for metastatic melanoma: predictions from patient calibrated mathematical models
- Adaptive therapy for metastatic melanoma: predictions from patient calibrated mathematical models
- 김은정; Joel S. Brown; Zeynep Eroglu; Alexander R.A. Anderson
- Issue Date
- VOL 13, NO 4, 823
- Adaptive therapy is an evolution-based treatment approach that aims to maintain tumor volume by employing minimum effective drug doses or timed drug holidays. For successful adaptive therapy outcomes, it is critical to find the optimal timing of treatment switch points in a patient-specific manner. Here we develop a combination of mathematical models that examine interactions between drug-sensitive and resistant cells to facilitate melanoma adaptive therapy dosing and switch time points. The first model assumes genetically fixed drug-sensitive and -resistant popul tions that compete for limited resources. The second model considers phenotypic switching between drug-sensitive and -resistant cells. We calibrated each model to fit melanoma patient biomarker changes over time and predicted patient-specific adaptive therapy schedules. Overall, the models predict that adaptive therapy would have delayed time to progression by 6？25 months compared to continuous therapy with dose rates of 6？74% relative to continuous therapy. We identified predictive factors driving the clinical time gained by adaptive therapy, such as the number of initial sensitive cells, competitive effect, switching rate from resistant to sensitive cells, and sensitive cell growth rate. This study highlights that there is a range of potential patient-specific benefits of adaptive therapy and identifies parameters that modulate this benefit.
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