Direct Observation of Fe-Ge Ordering in Fe5-xGeTe2 Crystals and Resultant Helimagnetism

Title
Direct Observation of Fe-Ge Ordering in Fe5-xGeTe2 Crystals and Resultant Helimagnetism
Authors
박태언김광수Trinh Thi LyJungmin ParkKyoo KimHyo-Bin AhnNyun Jong LeeGanbat DuvjirNguyen Huu LamKyuha JangChun-Yeol YouYounghun JoSe Kwon KimChanggu LeeSanghoon KimJungdae Kim
Issue Date
2021-02
Publisher
Advanced functional materials
Citation
VOL 온라인게재, 2009758
Abstract
Microscopic structures and magnetic properties are investigated for Fe5?xGeTe2 single crystal, recently discovered as a promising van der Waals (vdW) ferromagnet. An Fe atom (Fe(1)) located in the outermost Fe5Ge sublayer has two possible split­sites which are either above or below the Ge atom. Scanning tunneling microscopy shows √3 × √3 superstructures which are attributed to the ordering of Fe(1) layer. The √3 × √3 superstructures have two different phases due to the symmetry of Fe(1) ordering. Intriguingly, the observed √3 × √3 ordering breaks the inversion symmetry of crystal, resulting in substantial antisymmetric exchange interaction. The temperature dependence of magnetization reveals a sharp magnetic anomaly suggesting helical magnetism of the Fe5?xGeTe2 due to its non­centrosymmetricity. Analytical study also supports that the observed ordering can give rise to the helimagnetism. The work will provide essential information to understand the complex magnetic properties and the origin of the new vdW ferromagnet, Fe5?xGeTe2 for future topology­based spin devices.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/73000
ISSN
1616-301X
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